A ferry, and later bridge, on the River Forth at Stirling brought wealth and strategic influence, as did its tidal port at Riverside.Major battles during the Wars of Scottish Independence took place at the Stirling Bridge in 1297 and at the nearby village of Bannockburn in 1314 involving William Wallace and Robert the Bruce respectively.The Stirling seal only has the second part and it's slightly different.Stirling was first declared a royal burgh by King David in the 12th century, with later charters reaffirmed by subsequent monarchs.One of the principal royal strongholds of the Kingdom of Scotland, Stirling was created a royal burgh by King David I in 1130.In 2002, as part of Queen Elizabeth's Golden Jubilee, Stirling was granted city status.The poet King was educated by George Buchanan and grew up in Stirling.
Stirling also has a medieval parish church, the Church of the Holy Rude, where, on 29 July 1567, the infant James VI was anointed King of Scots by the Bishop of Orkney with the service concluding after a sermon by John Knox.
The railways did provide opportunity too with one Riverside company selling their reaping machines as far afield as Syria and Australia.
Similarly, in 1861, a company making baby carriages was set up.
After the battle of Stirling Bridge, Wallace wrote to the Hanseatic leaders of Lübeck and Hamburg to encourage trade between Scottish ports (like Stirling) and these German cities.
The king died at the Battle of Sauchieburn by forces nominally led by his son and successor James IV.