The city's nickname, The Magic City, comes from this rapid growth.
Winter visitors remarked that the city grew so much from one year to the next that it was like magic.
Miami is noted as "the only major city in the United States conceived by a woman, Julia Tuttle", a local citrus grower and a wealthy Cleveland native.
The Miami area was better known as "Biscayne Bay Country" in the early years of its growth.
The Miami area was inhabited for thousands of years by indigenous Native American tribes.
The Tequestas occupied the area for a thousand years before encountering Europeans. In 1566 admiral Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, Florida’s first governor, claimed the area for Spain.
The highest undulations are found along the coastal Miami Rock Ridge, whose substrate underlies most of the eastern Miami metropolitan region.
Racial and cultural tensions were sometimes sparked, but the city developed in the latter half of the 20th century as a major international, financial, and cultural center.
Downtown Miami is home to the largest concentration of international banks in the United States, and many large national and international companies.
It accommodates some of the world's largest cruise ships and operations, and is the busiest port in both passenger traffic and cruise lines.
After Fidel Castro rose to power in Cuba in 1959, many wealthy Cubans sought refuge in Miami, further increasing the population.
The city developed businesses and cultural amenities as part of the New South.