Because carnivores are exposed to OPV through predation on rodents, virus-specific DNA or antibodies in carnivores could serve as an indicator for the epizootiologic situation in rodent populations ().To our knowledge, no cowpox virus case has been reported in free-ranging wild felids.The Group receives no brokerage fee or marketing fee for any work sold through the site.As such, we are unable to respond to purchasing inquiries relating to either members or non-members.Furthermore, debilitated lynx affected by sarcoptic mange and orphans searching for easily accessible food are often found around human settlements.Interactions between diseased lynx and domestic cats and dogs have been documented ( Most (245) animals submitted were apparently healthy (225 killed by hunters, 19 died of traumatic injury, 1 died of acute circulatory failure during anesthesia), 15 had sarcoptic mange, and 3 died of starvation caused by noninfectious or unclear etiology. We conclude that OPV is widely distributed in Sweden and may represent a threat to humans. Lynx are probably exposed to OPV through predation on small mammal reservoir species.
However, during recent decades, cowpox virus infections have reemerged in domestic cats and other animals, including wild animals in captivity (), OPV, presumably cowpox virus, is probably widespread among wildlife in Scandinavia, having small wild rodent populations as a reservoir.
Orthopoxvirus (OPV) DNA was detected in tissues (lung, kidney, spleen) in 24 (9%) of 263 free-ranging Eurasian lynx () from Sweden.
Cowpox virus, which has been used to protect humans against smallpox but may cause severe disease in immunocompromised persons, has reemerged in humans, domestic cats, and other animal species in Europe.
The main causes of death were traffic accidents and sarcoptic mange (Lynx originated from all over Sweden.
We differentiated 3 main geographic regions according to human population density (Figure 1).