The fueros and the Basque language are the threads that have held Basque society together over the generations and enabled the region to maintain homogeneity despite localized differences evident in the seven districts of Basque country.
The Basque language is unique, with its roots showing no connection to the family of Indo-European languages.
But, significantly, Basques also appear to have learned the value of political expediency, and offered skills and services in exchange for a degree of independence.
Two significant aspects of this independence were the establishment and preservation of Basque common laws “fueros” and the preservation of the Basque language.
The Spanish provinces, Alava, Vizcaya and Guipuzcoa are collectively known as the autonomous community.
The fourth and largest Spanish province, Navarra, was granted status as a separate autonomous community.